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How an Oral Biopsy is Performed

A senior citizen in the dental chair ready for a routine checkup.

When you have an oral examination and early signs of oral cancer are detected, the next step is having an oral biopsy. This is when your oral surgeon takes a small sample of the tissue for testing. Very little tissue is often needed for testing, and it is often a very quick procedure.

However, depending on where the oral biopsy is taken from, it can be slightly uncomfortable. Surprise Dentist will numb the area prior to the biopsy, so don’t let the worry of pain be anything that stops you from getting the procedure done.


Most of the time, a small syringe is used for the biopsy. Your oral surgeon will go in once the area is numb, and poke the tissue. They will then aspirate the tissue, pulling some of it into the needle.

They will also extract any fluid if there is any within the tissue, as that can be tested as well. From there, the syringe is removed, and the tests are able to be performed.

Sometimes, your oral surgeon will need to cut a small bit of tissue out of your mouth. If this is the case, your surgeon will use a scalpel and take a small bit of tissue out of your mouth or throat.

If the area they take the sample from begins to bleed, a stitch or two may be required. Most of the time, oral surgeons use dissolving stitches so they don’t have to disturb the area again.

An oral biopsy is a great test. It can tell you a lot about what is going on within your mouth. The sooner oral cancer is caught, the easier it is to treat. Make sure you keep in touch with our office if you suspect oral cancer. We can help.

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