A dental implant will help restore your smile when you want to replace an extracted or missing tooth.
The restorations function and look like natural teeth. However, they need an adequate amount of jawbone to ensure successful implantation.
Some bone augmentation methods, like bone grafts, will help restore the volume and density of the jawbone.
Here at Surprise Smiles, we have been doing bone grafting with lots of success for several years.
All of our Surprise, AZ staff works to ensure all your dental needs are met. We will always follow up on our patients to know how they are doing.
What Is a Bone Graft?
Bone grafting is a surgical procedure that dentists use to help repair and rebuild bones made possible by bone tissue transplanting. Transplanting healthy bone tissues enables dentists to recreate all the missing bones and supporting tissues.
How Bone Grafting Works
Bone grafting is a minor procedure that can be performed in a dental office. The procedure helps build new bone in the jaw area responsible for holding teeth.
The incision is made in the gum area, exposing the underneath bone before grafting material is added. Grafting materials refer to the processed bone acting as a scaffold from which the body usually deposits bone cells. The body will absorb grafting material replacing it with the new bone.
The grafting material required comes from different sources. In most cases, it comes from the body.
Bone from a human donor or animal can also be used after being processed in the laboratory to make it safe and sterile.
Grafting materials can be made from synthetic materials.
The grafting material can be in the form of putty, granules, powder, or gel.
Types of Bone Grafts
There are different bone grafting material sources.
The autograft method involves taking bone from a different location in your body and moving it to another site in your body. It is the only bone graft type where two different surgical sites are created.
The second bone graft type is the Allograft. In this type, the human bone processed at the laboratory from a deceased donor is used.
A xenograft is where the bone graft material is taken from an animal. Most people prefer using bone grafts from a cow.
The last bone graft type is the alloplastic which uses artificial materials.
Bone Graft Procedure
You will first meet with the oral surgeon to discuss the right treatment plan and type of graft material. The treatment purpose will determine the bone graft procedure.
The dental expert will use anesthesia to help numb the surgical area. If the surgeon uses tissue from your body, you may need sedation.
The dentist will source the bone from the location agreed on.
If any tooth extraction were needed the dentists would do the procedure at this stage.
Performing bone grafting and tooth extraction promotes fast healing. The surgical area will be adequately cleaned.
The dentist will, after that, make an incision at the gum tissue exposing the bone and attaching the bone graft onto the exposed bone.
With the help of plates, pins, cables, wires, or titanium screws holding the tissue in place, the dentist will stitch the tissue.
You can return home the same day bone grafting was conducted. You will need a driver if general anesthesia or sedation is used. It will take four to six months or even longer to fully heal and perform dental implants.
Why Is Bone Grafting Important?
Bone grafting is a safe and effective method of moving healthy tissues to weaker parts strengthening the jawbone, and encouraging growth. Bone grafting will replace the deteriorated bones using transplanting for a different site.
Our dentists can use the patient's bone or get a bone from a different animal or another person.
Dental implants and sinus augmentation can be performed simultaneously if there is enough bone between the sinus bottom and the upper jaw ridge.
What Is the Recovery Period for Bone Grafts?
Depending on the type of bone grafts used, it can take two or three weeks, up to one year to heal.
However, the area will heal fast within a few days, with the bone grafting taking longer to heal.
You will have to keep the surrounding bone graft area dry and clean. You can return to work or your child can go back to school the following day after the procedure.
How Long Is the Bone Grafting Procedure?
The dental bone graft process lasts between 20 minutes to 90 minutes. However, what they take to complete the procedure is determined by the graft location, the amount of bone that should be grafted, and if there is any dental procedure that needs to be performed.
Simple bone grafting will last at most 45 minutes, while complex bone grafting procedures will take up to 90 minutes.
Is Bone Grafting Painful?
Patients who undergo bone grafting will experience some pain and discomfort. Dentists will provide over-the-counter medication to help relieve pain and reduce discomfort levels, especially in the first 72 hours.
More sensitive patients can discuss the proper pain management method with the dentist.
How to Care for a Dental Bone Graft
You care for different oral surgeries the same way you will care for bone grafts. It is normal to experience soreness which you can treat using an ice pack and ibuprofen. The surgery site will always have different degrees of swelling and bruising.
Our dentists will always give instructions on aftercare.
Some of the basic guidelines the dentist will issue are advising you to stick to soft meals like pasta, ice cream, and yogurt. Avoiding salty, spicy, or hot foods will slow your healing since they irritate the surgical point. Resist sticky and hard foods. They can easily cause pain by damaging the stitches.
Schedule a Bone Graft Procedure with Your Trusted Dentists in Surprise, AZ
At Surprise Smiles, we use modern techniques and invest in the latest technologies to help you restore your lost smile and confidence. Our experienced staff will work with you to develop a treatment plan fitting your needs and budget. Call us at (602) 842-4864 for more information about bone grafting.