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What to Do About a Sudden Gum Injury

Gum Injury (1)

Our gums do a lot for us. They keep our teeth where they should be, guard the jawbone, and play a role in tasting our food! But just like anything else in our bodies, they can get hurt. If something happens suddenly, like when we’re flossing, biting into something too hard, or getting hit during sports, it can be a bit scary. The good news is that minor gum injuries often heal independently with proper care. This guide will walk you through the steps if you experience a sudden gum injury, including stopping the bleeding, managing pain, and preventing infection. We’ll also discuss when a trip to the dentist, such as a visit to Dentist Surprise AZ, becomes necessary.

Gum Injury (2)

First Steps: Stop the Bleeding and Clean the Wound

The priority after a gum injury is to control any bleeding. Here’s how:

  • Gently Rinse:  Rinse your mouth with cool water to remove debris or food particles lodged in the wound. This also helps you assess the severity of the bleeding.
  • Apply Pressure:  Using a clean gauze pad or a folded tissue, apply gentle but firm pressure directly to the bleeding area for 5-10 minutes. This helps constrict blood vessels and stop the bleeding.
  • Saltwater Rinse:  Once the bleeding subsides, prepare a saltwater rinse by dissolving 1 teaspoon of table salt in a cup of warm water. This helps clean the wound and promotes healing.

Soothing Pain and Promoting Healing

After stopping the bleeding and cleaning the wound, focus on pain management and promoting healing:

  • Cold Compress:  Apply a cold compress to the outside of your cheek near the injured area. The cold helps reduce swelling and discomfort. Use a washcloth wrapped around an ice pack for 15-minute intervals with breaks in between to avoid tissue damage.
  • Over-the-counter Pain Relief:  Over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen or acetaminophen can help manage pain and inflammation.
  • Pain Relief Gels:  Certain topical pain relief gels containing lidocaine can be applied directly to the gums for temporary pain relief. However, consult your dentist before using any topical medications in your mouth.
  • Soft Diet:  Stick to a soft diet for a few days to avoid irritating the injured area. Opt for soft foods like yogurt, mashed potatoes, applesauce, and soups.
  • Maintain Oral Hygiene:  Continue brushing and flossing gently around the injured area, but avoid directly touching the wound. Good oral hygiene is crucial to prevent infection.
  • Warm Saltwater Rinses:  Repeat the saltwater rinses 2-3 times a day, especially after meals, to keep the wound clean and promote healing

Signs You Need to See a Dentist

While minor gum injuries often heal at home, some require professional dental care. Here’s when to schedule an appointment with your dentist:

  • Excessive Bleeding:  If the bleeding doesn’t stop after 10 minutes of applying pressure, seek immediate dental attention.
  • Large or Deep Cuts:  For significant cuts, gaping wounds, or deep tears in the gums, a dentist must stitch the wound closed to promote proper healing and minimize scarring.
  • Loose or Damaged Tooth:  If the gum injury involves a loose or damaged tooth, consult your dentist as soon as possible.
  • Severe Pain or Swelling:  If the pain is severe or the swelling worsens despite home remedies, a dentist can assess the cause and recommend appropriate treatment.
  • Signs of Infection:  Symptoms like fever, pus around the wound, or bad breath worsening after a few days could indicate an infection. Don’t delay seeking dental care.

Preventing Gum Injuries

Here are some tips to minimize your chances of experiencing a gum injury:

  • Practice Proper Brushing Technique:  Use a soft-bristled toothbrush and brush gently at a 45-degree angle towards the gum line. Avoid harsh scrubbing motions that can damage gums.
  • Floss Daily:  Flossing daily removes plaque and food particles from between teeth, keeping your gums healthy and reducing inflammation.
  • Maintain a Healthy Diet:  A balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains provides essential nutrients for healthy gums.
  • Regular Dental Checkups:  Schedule regular dental checkups and cleanings for early detection and treatment of any potential gum problems.
  • Wear a Mouthguard During Sports:  If you participate in contact sports, wear a proper one.


A sudden gum injury can be startling, but with proper care, it often heals without complications. Remember, the initial steps involve stopping the bleeding with gentle pressure and cleaning the wound with a saltwater rinse. Pain management through over-the-counter medication and a cold compress can offer relief. Maintaining good oral hygiene with gentle brushing and flossing is crucial for healing. However, be mindful of the signs that necessitate a visit to the dentist, such as excessive bleeding, loose teeth, or signs of infection. By prioritizing oral health and taking preventive measures, you can minimize the risk of gum injuries and maintain a healthy, happy smile.

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